Did you know? Nicholas and Jan van der Heiden are responsible for the creation of the first fire hose in 1673.
Until the middle 19th century most fires were not put out, but rather water transported to the scene in buckets. Buckets? Can you imagine?
It wasn't until the 1860's that the was able to easily carry more water from water sources. That means it took 187 years from it's creation date to become easily functional.
The working pressure of a is typically between 8 and 20 bar (800 and 2,000 kPa; 116 and 290 psi).
The bursting pressure of a can be up to 83 bar (8,300kPa; 1,204psi).
Early were made of leather, fastened together with copper rivets and washers. It wasn't until the 1890's that unlined made of leather was replaced with made of circular woven linen.
Early were heavy, stiff and commonly leaked.
Different types of fire hose used for fire services are:
- Supply and relay
connections are often made from brass, though hardened aluminum connections may also occur.
Threaded couplings are used in the USA, Canada and Britain. Each of these countries uses a different kind of threading.
are usually manufactured in a warehouse that specializes in providing Fire Hose equipment to municipal, industrial and forestry fire departments.
The manufacturing process requires 6 basic steps:
- Preparing the yarn for the jacket
- Weaving the jackets for the
- Extruding the liner for the
- Forming the jackets and liner for the
- Pressure testing the
- inspections & testing